Designing a car can be an arduous journey; from its inception on paper through several revisions and compromises until completion, designing one involves many intricate decisions and considerations.
Some changes may be aesthetic only; others are designed to appeal to specific drivers or target groups. It is also common for businesses to adapt their offerings according to market trends.
Car design is a creative process that establishes the physical appearance of motor vehicles. This practice incorporates aerodynamics, aesthetics and ergonomic principles into one cohesive whole that meets both functional and visual criteria.
Car chassiss are essential components, supporting both its body and being subjected to engine, transmission system and accelerating/braking torques. A major aspect of their function include axles and wheels which provide stability and traction on the road.
Car batteries play an essential role, storing chemical energy that can then be converted to electrical energy to activate various parts of a car. AGM (Absorbent Glass Mat) designs ensure leak-free performance for longer lasting battery performance and charge retention.
After finishing sketching, computer modeling, and clay model phases for exterior design, designers will move onto designing the interior of the vehicle. A designer assigned to this task will focus on developing proportions, shapes, and surfaces for instrument panels, seats, door trim panels, pillar trims, and headliner.
Car designs have long been an amalgamation of form and function. Early vehicles like the 1922 Essex model pictured below had both features: they provided enough room for passengers and engines while remaining visually unappealing due to awkward proportions that didn’t quite mesh together well.
After WWII, designers increasingly considered aesthetics in addition to speed and engineering prowess when designing cars. This trend was driven in part by returning GIs who had grown accustomed to European designs that featured sleek yet sporty features; Raymond Loewy who worked on Studebaker Avantis made cars with distinctive, sleek looks such as his Avanti design.
Art Deco cars featured bold geometric forms and lavish ornamentation; during this period the Mercedes Benz S-Class and Rolls Royce Silver Ghost were developed – two classics which remain iconic today.
Car design projects use various materials. This may include metals, plastics and other components. Copper, aluminum and titanium metals are typically found in electronics and safety systems while lead is often employed to help balance out weight of vehicles.
Through each phase of design, the team’s primary concern is to use materials with various properties in order to meet performance criteria such as cost, reliability and weight reduction; also meeting legal requirements regarding emissions and fuel efficiency.
Recent environmental concerns have resulted in innovative new materials being utilized in cars. SofTex, a synthetic leather that weighs less than its leather counterpart and produces fewer Volatile Organic Compounds is one example; other materials like tomato skins, lobster shells and coffee chaff are being utilized to reduce carbon emissions while improving suspension bushings as well as replace heavier steel and cast iron components with aluminum components.
Car designers utilize various software for car design. Such programs include CAD, Rhino 3D, Blender and Solidworks among others. Each program offers user-friendly tools for designing cars such as modelling, rendering, sculpting, VFX effects simulation and pipeline management.
Designers then produce a three-dimensional model of the vehicle they envision, turning paper drawings into reality while providing insight into how changes affect its entirety.
At this stage, designers add more details to both the exterior and interior design of their car, such as color choices and trim designs. This process may take up to one year depending on its complexity; once completed, it’s ready for market testing; any criticism might still come despite having an effective plan in place to make their design a success.